301 Palestinian Children Killed
According to DCI/PS documentation,on 7th March 2007 at midnight,Khaled began to experience convulsions and difficulty with breathing, and his parents proceeded to drive him to Ramallah hospital. Their car was stopped at Atara checkpoint. There were no other cars there.
Khaled's father gave his ID to the soldier and told him in Hebrew that they were going to the hospital because his son needed urgent medical care. The soldier didn't respond, but started to look inside the car and asking questions. Then he gave the ID card to another soldier.
The parents' pleas to the soldier to allow them through the checkpoint were ignored, while he inspected the car with a lamp torch. By this time, Khaled's face was red and secretion was coming out of his mouth. The soldier slammed the door and went to the soldier who was holding the IDs. At this time Khaled stopped breathing and liquid poured out of his mouth. The parents started to shout and the soldier came back and gave them back their ID cards immediately.
The car was allowed through and they arrived to the Ramallah hospital 15 minutes later. However Khaled had stopped moving at the check point. Doctors tried to resuscitate him in vain and established that Khaled had died 20 minutes before.
3. Children used as human shields
In addition to killing children, the Israeli military continues to threaten the lives of Palestinian children by using them as human shields during military operations in the occupied territory.
This practice consists in forcing civilians to carry out dangerous tasks to help military operations, or deter enemy fire. It has being routinely used by the Israeli military for several years, especially during the military campaign .Defensive Shield. in 2002. This practice is expressly prohibited by Article 28 of the
Fourth Geneva Convention, which states that .the presence of a protected person may not be used to render certain points or areas immune from military operations.In addition, .compelling a protected person to serve in the forces of a hostile Power. is a grave breach of the Fourth Geneva Convention (Article 147).
This practice also violates Article 38 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, imposing a duty on States Parties to ensure that any child under 15 does not take part in hostilities,and goes against the Optional Protocol to the CRC on Children and Armed Conflict,encouraging States Parties to prevent the participation of under 18s in hostilities.
Since this practice was explicitly prohibited by an Israeli Military Order in 2002, records of human shield violations have significantly dropped, but are still occurring; this despite a ruling issued by the Supreme Court in October 2005 banning the use of civilians as human shields by the military.
During a military operation codenamed .Hot Winter., launched in Nablus on 25th February, the Israeli military placed the old city under curfew for two days and used two children - a 15 year-old boy and an 11 year-old girl - as human shields. The aim of the operation was to arrest wanted militants in Nablus and search the city for explosives. A DCI/PS fieldworker collected the following testimony from Jihan Nimer Shahir D'adush, 11 years old, who was forced to walk in front of Israeli soldiers into an abandoned building which the soldiers believed was sheltering Palestinian militants.
Case Study 7 - Jihan Nemer Shaher Da’dush, 11 years old
In the morning of 28th February 2007, Israeli soldiers forced their way into the house belonging to Jihan's family, in the Al =Atout neighbourhood in the Old City in Nablus. The family was confined in one room, where the soldiers interrogated them for information on youths shooting from rooftops nearby. They told Jihan and her family that if they gave them information, the curfew on the Old City would be lifted. Jihan's father said that they had no information on these people.
The soldiers left the building and returned with more soldiers at around 16:00. The family was once again forced into one room, this time for several hours. During this time soldiers repeatedly took members of the family outside for questioning, including Jihan's father, and her 15 year old sister, Hanan. One of the soldiers then approached Jihan, and asked her to accompany him. She screamed, and moved towards her mother.
The soldier shouted and grabbed her hand, pulling her out of the apartment into the yard outside. The yard was full of soldiers and members of the Israeli security agency. An Israeli security officer interrogated Jihan, shouting at her in Hebrew while another soldier translated for her into Arabic. He demanded that she tell them about the youths shooting from the rooftops. He told her that her father had said that she knew about them, and that she would tell the soldiers everything. Terrified that she would be arrested, or killed, she told them that they slept in the abandoned house which was about 50 metres away.
The soldiers demanded that she walk in front of them towards the derelict house. When they arrived there one of the soldiers took Jihan back to her family's house, and confined her in a room away from her family. The room was full of soldiers who spoke together in Hebrew. Jihan was unable to understand what they were saying.
Around 15 minutes later, three soldiers came and took Jihan out of the room. They forced her to walk in front of them again and this time asked her to lead the way into the abandoned house. Jihan entered the dark house, with the soldiers following behind her at a distance. They lit their path with flashlights. Jihan was made to climb the stairs up towards the kitchen.
The soldiers followed her, armed and ready to shoot. They asked her about a small door in the kitchen. Jihan replied that the door led to the roof. She knew this because she had visited the house before when it belonged to a family that was friends with her family. They had moved away now, and since then the house had been abandoned. She did not know anything about the people who were shooting from the rooftops.
Later in the evening, at around 22:00, the soldiers took Jihan back towards her house. As they walked back, the soldiers thanked her, and told her that she must never tell anyone that she had taken them to the abandoned house. After the incident, Jihan started suffering from bed-wetting. In total, the DCI/PS has collected information about four different children who were used as human shields during the first half of 2007.